BOGRA FORMULA PDF

Akizilkree The two houses of the Legislative Assembly formed the Electoral College for the Presidential elections and the President was to be elected for a term of 5 years This proposal was received with great enthusiasm however, there were some points of criticism as well. In the East Pakistan Assembly adopted a resolution and made Bengali the national language of the country along with Urdu. Under this framework, the larger number of constituencies were given to Bengal which had reserved seats in contrast to Punjab which had 75, Khyber—Pakhtunkhwa, which had 24, Sindh which had 19, and Balochistan which had 17 reserved seats. He worked hard on this project and within six months of assuming power, came out with a constitutional formula. Inhe devolved the province of East Bengal and established the state of East Pakistan and declared Dhaka its capital.

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Akizilkree The two houses of the Legislative Assembly formed the Electoral College for the Presidential elections and the President was to be elected for a term of 5 years This proposal was received with great enthusiasm however, there were some points of criticism as well.

In the East Pakistan Assembly adopted a resolution and made Bengali the national language of the country along with Urdu. Under this framework, the larger number of constituencies were given to Bengal which had reserved seats in contrast to Punjab which had 75, Khyber—Pakhtunkhwa, which had 24, Sindh which had 19, and Balochistan which had 17 reserved seats.

He worked hard on this project and within six months of assuming power, came out with a constitutional formula. Inhe devolved the province of East Bengal and established the state of East Pakistan and declared Dhaka its capital.

Muhammad Ali Bogra Formula When Muhammad Ali Bogra became the Prime Minister of Pakistan, the main task ahead of him was to achieve an agreement on a workable constitution for the country. He presented the formula to the Constituent Assembly on 7th October and it is known as the Bogra formula.

The major features of the formula were: The federal legislature would comprise of two houses — the House of Unit and the House of People.

The House of Units would be elected indirectly by the legislature of the units. The Bogra formula reduced the 9 units of West Pakistan into 4 units. Both Houses were to have equal powers in all matters. There was a provision for a joint session of the two for the election of the Head of the State and for the disposal of votes of confidence.

In case of a difference of opinion between the two Houses, a joint session of the two Houses would be called and the matter would be decided by a majority vote, provided that the majority included thirty percent of the members from each zone. It maintained the principle of parity between East and West Pakistan in combined Houses, with seats for each zone. So in total, both the wings were to have seats each in the two Houses of the Legislative Assembly.

In place of the Board of Ulama, the Supreme Court was given the power to decide if a law was in accordance with the basic teachings of the Holy Quran and Sunnah. The two houses of the Legislative Assembly formed the Electoral College for the Presidential elections and the President was to be elected for a term of 5 years This proposal was received with great enthusiasm however, there were some points of criticism as well. The issue of equal powers to both Houses attracted a lot of criticism and some people maintained that since the lower house represented the people it should have more power.

But generally this proposal was accepted although the parliament was divided on the response to the formula. Another significant measure during this period which facilitated the problem of constitution making was the settlement of the language issue. In the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan decided that the Bengali and Urdu would be the national languages of Pakistan. This decision facilitated the constitution making process.

Unlike the two reports of the Basic Principles Committee, the Bogra Formula was appreciated by different sections of the society. There was great enthusiasm amongst the masses as they considered it to be a plan that could bridge the gulf between the two wings of Pakistan and would act as a source of unity for the country.

The proposal was discussed in the Constituent Assembly for 13 days, and a committee was set to draft the constitution on 14th November However, before the constitution could be finalized, the Assembly was dissolved by Ghulam Muhammad, the then Governor General of Pakistan. His constitutional proposal, known as the Bogra Formula, was presented before the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on October 7, The plan proposed for a Bicameral Legislature with equal representation for all the five provinces of the country in the Upper House.

A total of 50 seats were reserved for the Upper House. The seats for the Lower House were to be allocated to the provinces on the basis of proportionate representation. In this way East Pakistan was given more seats in the Lower House than the combined number of seats reserved for the federal capital, the four provinces and the princely states of the Western Wing.

Constitutional Formula Answer: Bogra formula is also known as Constitutional Formula Workable constitution before was a real-time challenge for the government of Pakistan. Prime minister designation was the chief position considers implementing it. Agreement with the opposition on the workable constitution was the only challenge of that time. Now Muhammad Ali Bogra, prime minister of that time, comes out as the real supporter of the workable constitution. Hope the answer is clear now.

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Mohammad Ali Bogra

When Muhammad Ali Bogra became the Prime Minister of Pakistan, the main task ahead of him was to achieve an agreement on a workable constitution for the country. He worked hard on this project and within six months of assuming power, came out with a constitutional formula. He presented the formula to the Constituent Assembly on 7th October and it is known as the Bogra formula. The major features of the formula were:.

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Bogra Formula

After his education at the Presidency College at the University of Calcutta , he started his political career on Muslim League 's platform and joined the Bengal 's provincial cabinet of then- Prime Minister H. Suhrawardy in the s. After the independence of Pakistan as a result of Indian partition in , he joined the Foreign ministry as a career diplomat and briefly tenured as Pakistan's ambassador to Burma , Canada —52 , and twice served in the United States. His foreign policy strongly pursued the strengthening of bilateral relations between Pakistan and the United States, while downplaying relations with the Soviet Union.

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BOGRA FORMULA PDF

While taking charge as Prime Minister, Muhammad Ali Bogra declared that formulation of the Constitution was his primary target. He worked hard on this project and within six months of assuming power, came out with a constitutional formula. His constitutional proposal, known as the Bogra Formula, was presented before the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on October 7, The plan proposed for a Bicameral Legislature with equal representation for all the five provinces of the country in the Upper House. A total of 50 seats were reserved for the Upper House. The seats for the Lower House were to be allocated to the provinces on the basis of proportionate representation.

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