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Indeed, the information available indicates that deficiencies of protection workers affected by this professional contingency arise, largely, not only from the lack of updating the list of occupational diseases, but especially the shortcomings of its notification, produced by a process that has been proven ineffective, without one link sufficient with the medical professional who is competent to qualify the contingency or the other which can issue a diagnostic of suspicion.
Consequently, when it comes of items that are considered crucial for an effective system of notification and registration settings, it seems appropriate to include them in this standard.
On the other hand, the European recommendation on occupational diseases, recommends to Member States the introduction in its legislative, regulatory or administrative provisions of the list of diseases whose professional origin has been scientifically recognized, which contained in its annex I, and which also seek to introduce in these provisions the diseases listed in annex II, not listed in the list of annex I but whose origin and professional character could settle in the future.
All determines the need to customize the picture of occupational diseases currently in force, its update and accommodation to the above-mentioned recommendation and to comply with the above provisions, which is carried out through this Royal Decree. At the same time, and in order to guarantee the maximum statement of all cases of occupational disease, as well as facilitate their notification and communication, it is necessary to modify the initiation mechanism currently in force, by attributing to the entity manager or contributor that professional disease diagnosed his release in March, with the collaboration of the entrepreneur, which is easy and the procedures are simplified , freeing, in addition, of the difficulties involved the aforementioned implementation underway mechanism for notification and communication of occupational diseases, oblivious to their business.
In the elaboration of this Royal Decree the National Commission of safety and health at work has been heard and the trade unions and business associations most representative have been consulted. By virtue, on the proposal of the Minister of labour and Social Affairs, in accordance with the Council of State and after deliberation by the Council of Ministers at its meeting of November 10, Approval of the picture of occupational diseases.
Approves the table of occupational diseases appearing as annex 1 of this Royal Decree, as well as the supplementary list of diseases whose professional origin is suspected, being reproduced as annex 2, and whose inclusion in annex 1 could envisage in the future. Article 2. Update the picture of occupational diseases. The scientific report that supports the proposed modification should be performed by a joint technical Committee of both ministries.
Article 3. Qualification of the diseases professional. The determination of the professional character of the illness with regard to workers who are not in a situation of high corresponds also to the managing body. Article 4. Preparation and processing of the parts of occupational disease. Article 5. Diseases that could be qualified as professional communication.
When the optional of the national health system, on the occasion of their professional activities, had knowledge of the existence of a disease of those included in annex 1 which could be qualified as a professional, or the pickup in annex 2, and whose professional origin is suspected, they shall inform the appropriate effects, through the competent authority of each autonomous community and the cities with statute of autonomy to the managing entity, for the purposes of qualification provided for in article 3 and, where appropriate, to the collaborating institution of Social security that assumes the protection of occupational contingencies.
Equal communication will be physicians of the prevention service, in your case. First additional provision. Part of occupational disease model. The Ministry of labour and Social Affairs shall adopt the new model of part of occupational disease so that it takes effect at the entry into force of this Royal Decree.
At the same time, will regulate the procedure for processing, as well as its transmission by electronic means, in a way that is guaranteed the flow of information between the entity manager or partner, Enterprise, labour administration, inspection of labour and Social Security, the prevention services, where appropriate, and other institutions concerned. Second additional provision.
Documentation, registration and analysis of occupational diseases. In the direction General of management of the Security Social of the Ministry of labour and Social Affairs, there will be an administrative unit responsible for collecting and analyzing the documentation relating to occupational diseases.
Such functions of recording and analysis and investigation of occupational diseases may be conducted in collaboration with the technical bodies of the ministries of labour and Social Affairs and of health and Consumer Affairs and the competent bodies of the autonomous communities, in the form determined in application and development provisions and without prejudice to competences that may apply to other public administrations. Sole transitional provision. Transient application of rules of communication and processing of occupational diseases.
As is does not approve the new model of part of occupational disease and regulate the procedure for processing, the statutory regulations shall apply with respect to these matters.
Sole repeal provision. Repealed rules. Many provisions of equal or lower rank to oppose provisions of this Royal Decree are repealed. First final provision. Elaboration of technical criteria. The technical bodies of the ministries of labour and Social Affairs and of health and Consumer Affairs shall draw up a guide to symptoms and pathologies related to the causative agent of an occupational disease, which serve as a source of information and help for diagnosis.
Second final provision. Schools of development. It empowers the Minister of labour and Social Affairs to issue rules for implementation and development of this Royal Decree. Third final provision. Entry into force. This Royal Decree shall enter into force on January 1, Given in Madrid, on November 10, Group 2: disease professional caused by agents physical.
Group 3: occupational diseases caused by biological agents. Group 4: occupational diseases caused by the inhalation of substances and agents not included in other sections. Group 5: occupational skin diseases caused by substances and agents not included in any of the other sections. Group 6: occupational diseases caused by carcinogenic agents. Annex 1 table of occupational diseases coding group agent Sub - agent Acti - activity code diseases professionals with the relationship of the main activities capable of producing them 1 occupational diseases caused by chemicals to metals 01 arsenic and its compounds preparation, employment and manipulation of arsenic and its compounds, and Spice lmente: 01 1A mining of arsenic, smelting of copper, production and use of arsenical pesticides, herbicides and insecticides, glass production.
Refining of Cu, Pb, Zn, Co present as impurity. B non-metals 01 antimony and derivatives work exposed to inhalation of dusts, fumes and vapors of antimony, in particular: 01 1B extraction of minerals containing antimony and its processes of grinding, sieving and concentrated.
C HALOGENS 01 bromine and inorganic compounds production, employment and manipulation of bromine and its inorganic compounds, and mainly: 01 1C production of bromine by displacement of chlorine. Sulfuric acid: 04 1D production, storage and handling of sulfuric acid.
Sulphur dioxide: 11 1D Combustion of sulphur fossil fuels and refineries of metallic minerals. Sulfuric trioxide: 13 1D intermediary product in the production of sulfuric acid and the oleum; used for the sulphonation of organic acids.
E acid organic 01 acid, formic acid, acetic oxalic acid, acid abietic acid plicatico, etc. Formic acid can also appear in: 17 1E the leather industry as a neutralizer, to dye, remove the hair, etc. Acetic acid can also appear in: 20 1E use in lithography. Propionic acid can also appear in: 22 1E for use as fungicide.
Saturated: alkanes, paraffin. Methyl bromide, chloride monomer vinyl preparation, handling and use of hydrocarbons chlorinated and brominated aliphatic series and products containing it, and especially: 01 1 H employment as extracting agents and solvents.
K aromatic 01 benzene manufacturing, extraction, rectification, use and handling of benzene, and especially: 1 K 01 occupations with exposure to benzene, for example, coke ovens, use of solvents containing benzene.
M EPOXIDES 01 epoxides, ethylene oxide, tetrahydrofuran, furfural, epichlorohydrin, guaiacol, Furfuryl alcohol, propylene oxide 1 M 01 use as reagents in the manufacture of solvents, plasticizers, cements, adhesives and synthetic resins.
Production of resins of high resistance to moisture in the paper industry. Manufacture of plastic coatings. Ethyl acriato is also used in: 21 1N carpet-making. The vinyl acetate is used, also in: 23 1N paper industry. Or 01 ethers glycol ethers: methyl cellosolve or methoxy ethanol, ethyl cellosolve, ethoxyethanol, etc. P GLYCOLS 01 glycols: ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, butanediol, as well as the Nitrated derivatives of the glycols and of glycerol 01 1P manufacture of glycols and polyglycols, its derivatives and their acetates.
Q isocyanates 01 Polyurethanes isocyanates jobs that are exposed to inhalation of organic isocyanates and especially: 01 1Q manufacturing and application of toluen-diisocyanate TDI and Diphenylmethane diisocyanate MDI , HDI, ndi, isophorone, cyclohexanone precursor. T oxides 01 oxides of carbon works in premises or places whose natural or forced ventilation fails to prevent a concentration of 50 cubic centimeters of oxide of carbon per cubic meter of air, at the height of the area of aspiration of workers, and especially: 01 1T production, purification and storage of gas.
Petroleum industry, chemical industry. U SULPHIDES 01 sulfide carbon manufacturing, handling and use of sulfur and carbon products containing it, and especially: 01 1U manufacture of artificial silk of the type viscose, rayon, fibran, of cellophane. B Diseases Musculoskeletal or angioneuroticas caused by mechanical vibration: 01 vascular involvement 01 2B works in which occur: vibration transmitted to the hand and arm by a large number of machines or by objects maintained on a vibrating surface Hz frequency range , such as those that are managed machines that transmit vibrations such as hammers, punches, drills, percussion drills, perforators, polishing machines, grinders, saws, brush cutters, mechanical.
C diseases caused by forced postures and repetitive work; diseases of serous bags due to pressure, subcutaneous cellulitis: 01 chronic Bursitis of the synovial or subcutaneous tissues of the areas of support of the knees 01 2C jobs usually requiring a maintained kneeling position such as work in mines, construction, service domestic, placement of parquet and tiles, gardeners, cutters and stones polishers , agricultural workers and similar.
F diseases caused by forced postures and repetitive work: paralysis of the nerves due to pressure: 01 syndrome of the channel epitrocleo-olecraniano by compression of the ulnar nerve at the elbow 01 2F works in which there is a prolonged and repeated support directly or indirectly on the sliding anatomical causing nerve compression injuries. Extreme hyperflexion and hyperextension movements. Work requiring prolonged elbow support.
Jobs requiring repeated or movements maintained hyperextension and hyperflexion of the doll, apprehension of the hand as launderers, fabrics and plastics and similar materials, works of Assembly electronics, mechanics , textile industry, abattoirs butchers, slaughterer , hospitality waiters, cooks , welders, carpenters, polishers, painters. Jobs that involve compression prolonged on the wrist or a pressure maintained or repeated in the heel of the hand, such as milking cows, engraving, carving and polished glass, chipping, work shoes, woodcutters, blacksmiths, furriers, hammer, discus and javelin throwers.
Work requiring position prolonged squatting, as empedradores, tilers, placement of Park gardeners and the like. Jobs that require load repeated on the back of objects heavy and rigid, as moving waiters, used for loading and unloading and the like. Jobs that involve repeated contraction of the long supinator, as car drivers, chronic pressure by use of scissors G diseases caused by forced postures and repetitive work motions: 01 injury of meniscus by pulling and compression associated mechanisms, resulting in cracks or breaks 2 G complete 01 work requiring postures in hyperflexion of the knee in position held squat so long as they are : Work in underground mines, electricians, tilers, wood flooring installers, plumbers.
H 01 diseases caused by compression or decompression atmospheric 01 2 H works underwater in operators of underwater hyperbaric diving Chambers or equipped with scuba equipment. I 01 diseases caused by ionizing radiation all work exposed to the action of x-rays or of natural or artificial radioactive substances or any source of emission particle, and especially: 01 2I works of extraction and processing of radioactive minerals.
J 01 ophthalmological diseases as a result of exposure to ultraviolet radiation work with exposure to non-ionizing radiation with wavelength between and nm, such as: 01 2J works requiring germicidal lamps, torches lead, welding arc or xenon, solar irradiation at high altitudes, industrial laser, casting of metals in fusion, glaziers, employees in film studies , actors, theaters, laboratories bacteriological and similar personnel.
K 01 diseases caused by radiant energy 01 2 K works with incandescent glass mass and hot surfaces, foundries, steel mills, etc. L 01 nodules of vocal cords because of sustained voice for professional reasons efforts 2 L 01 activities which maintained and continued voice use is required such as teachers, singers, actors, agents, broadcasters.
B 01 infectious or parasitic diseases transmitted to man by animals or their products and corpses 01 3B farmers. C 01 malaria, amoebiasis, trypanosomiasis, dengue, yellow fever, fever papataci, relapsing fever, plague, lesishmaniosis, pian, jail fever, borrelias and other rickettsiosis 01 3C works developed in endemic areas.
D 01 infectious and parasitic diseases not referred to in other sections: Mycosis, legionella and helminthiasis.
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