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Descubra todo lo que Scribd tiene para ofrecer, incluyendo libros y audiolibros de importantes editoriales. Ravi Sankar Reddy. Key words : Social Security, unorganised sector labour, legislation, minimum wages.

The unorganized sector in India is typically characterized by the lack of labour law coverage, seasonal and temporary nature of occupa- tions, high labour mobility, dispersed functioning of operations, casualization of labour, lack of organizational support, low bargaining power, etc.

The nature of work in the unorganized sector varies between regions and also between the rural areas and the urban areas, which may include the remote rural areas as well as sometimes the most in- hospitable urban concentrations. In the rural areas it comprises of landless agricultural labourers, small and marginal farmers, share croppers, persons engaged in animal husbandry, fishing, horticulture, bee-keeping, toddy tapping, forest workers, rural artisans, etc.

The unorganised sector social security act defined unorgan- ised sector as an enterprise owned by individuals or self-employed workers and engaged in the production or sale of goods or providing services of any kind whatsoever, and where the enterprise employs workers, the number of such workers is less than ten.

It also defined unorganised worker means a home-based worker, self employed worker or a wage worker in the unorganised sector and in- cludes a worker in the organised sector who is not covered by any of the acts mentioned in schedule II, such as provident fund, final assis- tance, housing and educational schemes for the children of the above act.

The labour in India consists of about million workers of which over 94 percent work in unincorporated, unorgan- ized enterprises ranging from pushcart vendors to home-based dia- mond and gem polishing operations. Estimates suggest that in the non-farm sectors, as we move up the income ladder, the share of the informal sector gradually declines.

However, as far as the agricultural sector is concerned, irrespective of economic class, the share of the unorganised workforce remains flat. Indian unorganised sector labour — a summary One of the most peculiar features in the Indian labour market is the wide prevalence of the subsistence mode and the unorganised nature of production of goods and services.

In India the labour work force is estimated s million workers in the working age group 15 to 59 years 2. Of which about million or equal to 83 per cent are work- ing in the unorganised or informal sector, where there is no guaran- tee for employment and or other benefits like ESI, PF etc.

They are not. Out of the total million workers, only less than 2 million workers had for- mal employment. Existing Social Security laws in India Labour protection for the working people in India is available under various laws enacted by the Parliament as well as the State Legisla- tures.

The Preamble of the Constitution of India guarantees its citizens justice- social, economic and political; liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; equality of status and opportunities and fra- ternity, dignity of individual and dignity of nation. Part IV of the Constitution of India relating to Directive Principles of State Policy, interalia, call for provisions for right to work and educa- tion; public assistance in cases of unemployment and of social secu- rity; just and humane conditions of work; maternity relief; living wage and working conditions capable of ensuring decent standard of life Articles 41 to 43 ; workers participation and management 1.

Fundamental right to freedom of association and formation of unions is also guaranteed under Article Government of India has not ratified the Convention No.

However, Government of India ratified this Convention as ear- ly as in the year Most of the laws relating to social security in India are generally con- forming to the Conventions and Recommendations of ILO, although many of the Conventions are yet to be ratified by India. All the four draft Bills are being examined. Justification for social security for unorganised sector The Constitution of India enacted upon independence of the country though does not provide for compulsory institution of social security for all, yet, its directive principles of state policy contained in article 38 to 47 provide for theme idea in this regard explicitly.

Same precise- ly provides for as under:. The National Common Minimum Programme NCMP of the present Government highlights the commitment of the Government towards the welfare and well-being of all workers, particularly, in the unorgan- ised sector.

The NCMP states that:. Social security, health insurance and other schemes for such workers like weav- ers, handloom workers, fishermen and fisherwomen, toddy tap- pers, leather workers, plantation labour, beedi workers, etc. In this direction the government proposes to enact a comprehensive legislation for the workers in the unorganised sector to provide social security to these workers.

The proposal is at the stage of consultation with all concerned. It is endeavour of the Government to enact such a law which is beneficial for the workers and is equally acceptable to all other social partners. Conclusion It can be concluded that the Unorganised Worker Social Security Act is a collection of piece meal schemes without any logic leaving behind vast numbers of vulnerable workers to fend for themselves.

There is need to create a comprehensive social security scheme for the welfare of the unorganised sector labour in India consisting of a national minimum social security, minimum conditions of work and a national minimum wage regulation including other benefits like pen- sion, health, education and insurance so that no one is allowed to fall below this floor.

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Descargar ahora. Carrusel Anterior Carrusel Siguiente. Just exists one evil: the ignorance" Socrates. Buscar dentro del documento. Research Paper. Social Science. Unorganised sector labour and social security: A Study. Currently these enterprises. However these labour force are categorized as unorganised sector.

The informal sector as defined in the resolution of the 15th. Although there are many schemes and laws are existing for the welfare of social sector labour in India, there is no comprehensive scheme with. The present paper aims to examine the welfare measures and provisions in various existing social welfare laws and schemes in. India for the welfare of the unorganised sector labour. K Joshi N. The Committee on. Labour Welfare Constituted by the Government of India 3. World Bank Report ;. Income inequalities in the age of financial globalisation 6.

Ministry of Rural Development ; Status report on rural labour 7. Bhattacharya B. Siva kumar P. Documentos similares a PB 1. Kool Kaish. Peoples' Vigilance Committee on Human rights. Larry Kivaya. Serge Cartier van Dissel. Md Delowar Hossain Mithu. Amu Cool. Yoe F. Santos Graciano.

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Descubra todo lo que Scribd tiene para ofrecer, incluyendo libros y audiolibros de importantes editoriales. Ravi Sankar Reddy. Key words : Social Security, unorganised sector labour, legislation, minimum wages. The unorganized sector in India is typically characterized by the lack of labour law coverage, seasonal and temporary nature of occupa- tions, high labour mobility, dispersed functioning of operations, casualization of labour, lack of organizational support, low bargaining power, etc. The nature of work in the unorganized sector varies between regions and also between the rural areas and the urban areas, which may include the remote rural areas as well as sometimes the most in- hospitable urban concentrations. In the rural areas it comprises of landless agricultural labourers, small and marginal farmers, share croppers, persons engaged in animal husbandry, fishing, horticulture, bee-keeping, toddy tapping, forest workers, rural artisans, etc. The unorganised sector social security act defined unorgan- ised sector as an enterprise owned by individuals or self-employed workers and engaged in the production or sale of goods or providing services of any kind whatsoever, and where the enterprise employs workers, the number of such workers is less than ten.

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