GRAPHOLITA FUNEBRANA PDF

FWL : 4. Hindwings are brown. Male genitalia are characterized by a thornlike projection off the ventral margin of the valva. Female genitalia are characterized by a rounded sterigma , an irregular sclerite in the ductus bursae , and two long, curved, thornlike signa in the corpus bursae.

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FWL : 4. Hindwings are brown. Male genitalia are characterized by a thornlike projection off the ventral margin of the valva. Female genitalia are characterized by a rounded sterigma , an irregular sclerite in the ductus bursae , and two long, curved, thornlike signa in the corpus bursae. Adults are similar to other species of Grapholita , including Grapholita molesta and Grapholita tenebrosana ; a genitalic dissection may be necessary to confirm species identity, especially if individuals are recovered from sticky traps.

Pheromone traps using "Funemone" lures are commonly used to trap male G. Alford provided trapping data for "Funemone" traps operating in England over the course of three years. Non-target tortricids attracted to the "Funemone" pheromone include: Cnephasia stephensiana , Cnephasia sp. As the lure is not species-specific, it will also attract other species of Grapholita , including Grapholita molesta. The head is dark brown and the prothoracic shield is yellowish brown. The anal shield is light brown with dark mottling.

An anal comb is present with small teeth. Larvae may appear similar to those of many other species of Grapholita and Cydia. Cydia pomonella larvae can be separated from G. Other species of Grapholita cannot be reliably separated from G. Chen and Dorn provide a molecular assay to distinguish G. Grapholita funebrana completes generations per year; two generations are most common over most of its range. Adults are present from late May to September. First generation females lay eggs singly on fruitlets.

Second generation females lay eggs near the base of maturing fruit. Larvae tunnel into the fruit and feed inside. Pupation occurs the following spring. Larvae of the second generation cause the most damage to fruits such as plum that mature in mid- to late summer. European plum Rosaceae Prunus domestica L. European dwarf cherry Rosaceae Prunus japonica Thunb. Japanese bush cherry Rosaceae Prunus L.

Rosaceae Prunus maximowiczii Rupr. Korean cherry Rosaceae Prunus persica L. Batsch peach Rosaceae Prunus spinosa L. Rosaceae Rosa davurica Pall. Amur rose. A native of Europe, Grapholita funebrana has spread to most other fruit-growing regions of the Palearctic. Alford, D.

Observations on the specificity of pheromone-baited traps for Cydia funebrana Treitschke Lepidoptera: Tortricidae. Bulletin of Entomological Research. Bradley, J. Tremewan and A. British Tortricoid Moths - Tortricidae: Olethreutinae.

The Ray Society, London, England. Chen, M. Reliable and efficient discrimination of four internal fruit-feeding Cydia and Grapholita species Lepidoptera: Tortricidae by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Journal of Economic Entomology. Dickler, E. Tortricid pests of pome and stone fruits, Eurasian species, pp. Evenhius [eds. World Crop Pests, Vol. Elsevier, Amsterdam. Komai, F. A taxonomic review of the genus Grapholita and allied genera Lepidoptera: Tortricidae in the Palaearctic region.

Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement Meijerman, L. Arthropods of Economic Importance: Eurasian Tortricidae. Arthropods of Economic Importance series.

Razowski, J. Tortricidae of Europe, Vol. Frantisek Slamka, Slovakia. Adult Recognition FWL : 4. Biology Grapholita funebrana completes generations per year; two generations are most common over most of its range. Distribution A native of Europe, Grapholita funebrana has spread to most other fruit-growing regions of the Palearctic. References Alford, D. Photo Credits Fig.

Tortricids of Agricultural Importance by Todd M. Gilligan and Marc E. Epstein Interactive Keys developed in Lucid 3. Last updated August Grapholita funebrana.

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Communication disruption with sex attractant for control of the plum fruit moth, Grapholitha funebrana: a two-year field study. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 19 2

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Adult Recognition

Plum Fruit Moth Grapholita funebrana. This species is locally common in the southern half of England with scattered records further north and in Wales, and a few in Scotland. It has been recorded at light, but records are more easily made by search for larvae in plums and sloes, and by assembling to pheromone lures. The moths fly in June and July, usually high in the foodplant trees. They can easily be confused with Grapholita tenebrosana , especially as that species is also attracted to lures designed for G. They can be separated by the colour of the palps; dull greyish brown in G.

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Grapholita funebrana , the plum fruit moth , is a moth of the family Tortricidae. It is found in the Palearctic ecozone. Like many of its congeners , it is sometimes placed in Cydia. The moth flies in two generations from late April to September. The larvae feed on Prunus domestica , Prunus spinosa and other Prunus species. The species is considered to be a pest. Media related to Grapholita funebrana at Wikimedia Commons.

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