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Frederick Irving Herzberg April 18, — January 19,  was an American psychologist who became one of the most influential names in business management.
He enrolled at the City College of New York in He did not finish his studies as he enlisted in the army. In he married Shirley Bedell. He finally finished his studies and graduated from the City College of New York in He then decided to move to the University of Pittsburgh where he earned a master's degree in science and public health. He completed a Ph. Herzberg started his research on organizations in the s. He worked at the University of Utah , where he remained until he retired.
In his lifetime, Herzberg had consulted for many organizations as well as for the United States and other foreign governments. He has a son who currently lives in West New York. Herzberg proposed the motivator-hygiene theory, also known as the two-factor theory of job satisfaction. According to his theory, people are influenced by two sets of factors. The idea is that hygiene factors will not motivate, but if they are not there, they can lower motivation.
These factors could be anything from clean toilets and comfortable chairs, to a reasonable level of pay and job security. The theory deals with satisfaction and dissatisfaction in jobs which are not affected by the same set of needs, but instead occur independently of each other.
Herzberg's theory challenged the assumption that "dissatisfaction was a result of an absence of factors giving rise to satisfaction. Motivational factors will not necessarily lower motivation, but can be responsible for increasing motivation.
These factors could involve job recognition, potential for promotion or even the work in itself. Herzberg describes the growth factors or motivators as "achievement, recognition for achievement, the work itself, responsibility, and growth or advancement," which are intrinsic. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Frederick Herzberg. Lynn, Massachusetts , U.
Shirley Bedell m. Main article: Two-factor theory. Deseret News. January 22, Retrieved February 20, Herzberg ". Western University. Archived from the original on July 10, February 1, Herzberg, 76, Professor And Management Consultant".
The New York Times. Retrieved November 18, Harvard Business Review. Journal of Management Development. The Motivation to Work 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons. The Academy of Management Journal.